Monday, August 4, 2008
I have heard two different explanations for what these ruins are the remains of, a mining camp and a resort.
I would love to know for sure, if anyone has any more information (hard evidence, an article or other paperwork) that would be great, but at this point I'd love to hear any word of mouth explanations.
Thursday, July 31, 2008
The Desert Ramblers, recreation branch of the Business and Professional Women's Club, will make a trip to Phoenix Mountain Park tomorrow afternoon, the outing to be held for tourists as well as local residents and club members.
These outings are specifically arranged to provide entertainment for newcomers and strangers in Arizona as well as to Phoenicians. A large, comfortable bus will leave 29 East Jefferson street and return in the early evening.
Charles M. Holbert, park custodian, will guide the part over some of the new trails and to a scenic location of one of the park headquarters. Higher peaks of the park now are accessible and offer beautiful views of Phoenix and the Salt River valley as well as the Gila river and its valley.
Capt. W. V. Joyce, Field Artillery Reserve, commander of the Civilian Conservation Corps camp in the park, will have the party conducted through the camp grounds and buildings.
W. G. Hartranft, chairman of the Phoenix planning and zoning commission, will discuss plans for the development and beautification of the park, and Miss Laura E. Herron, city playground director, will speak on "Recreation." A basket picnic supper will be held, coffee to be served by the committee in charge, Miss Mary Fiezman and Mrs. Ellen A. Copper.
The Phoenix Union High School Girl's band, directed by J. J. Boyer, will entertain men of the Civilian Conservation Corps in Phoenix Mountain park at 8 o'clock tomorrow night.
The program will include overtures, serenades, ensembles and solo selections as well as a few favorite marches.
This band also will appear at the annual music concert to be presented by the high school's instrumental music department March 15. The band has been active in a number of school functions this year as well as at meetings of various local organizations.
Band membership has increased to 34 players.
Monday, July 28, 2008
An invitation to the public to visit Phoenix Mountain park and view the extensive improvement program being carried out by employees of the two civilian conservation camp units stationed in the park, was issued by officials of the camps yesterday.
The invitation is particularly intended for Sundays, it was said. Work in the park has now reached the point where visitors can obtain a more complete picture of the various improvements and how they will benefit the public.
The mountain park CCC unit is the largest camp in the state, comprising of two complete companies with a total enrollment of approximately 400.
One of the major improvements now being completed is construction of a park museum and administration building near the entrance to the area. Numerous picnic areas also have been established and equipped with chairs, tables, camp ovens and other useful facilities.
Members of the camp also are enjoying a varied program of activities and entertainment outside their working hours. Tuesday night members of the Phoenix chapter, Reserve Officers' Association, were entertained at dinner in the camp.
Motion picture shows are held each Sunday afternoon for members of the personnel of the camps and boxing bouts also are regular features. Tomorrow night a group of fighters representing the two camps will stage a series of bouts with a boxing team from the CCC camp at Ashdale.
Other activities have included a baseball tournament between the Mountain park camp and others in and adjacent to the Salt River valley, won by Camp 831, one of the two in the park.
Friday, July 25, 2008
Don R. Hull of the United States Park Service district office at San Francisco, is expected to arrive here today to confer with city officials relative to their application for a six-month extension of operation of the Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Phoenix Mountain Park.
The city recently made application for extending the camp to September 30. It was originally scheduled to be discontinued March 31. It will be possible, however, to complete the extensive improvement program planned for the park by that date.
In view of how much work is yet to be done and also of the large investment represented in the camp, it is believed the government will grant the extension.
Thursday, July 24, 2008
Presidents of local civic clubs were entertained yesterday at a luncheon in the Phoenix mountain park Civilian Conservation Corps camp, followed by an inspection tour over the park by the 400 “CCC” employees who have been stationed at the camp since December.
The group viewed roads that are being constructed in the 14,000 acre park, the new picnic grounds that are being cleared, improved and beautified and other improvements.
Members of the party included: Leslie J. Mahoney, president of the Phoenix Chamber of Commerce; Mayor F. J. Paddock, president of the Exchange club; John G. Eager, Lions club president; Frank Snell, Kiwanis club president; Elmon F. Coe, Rotary president; Justice Alfred C. Lockwood, Hiram club president; R. H. Cressingham, president, Knights of the Round Table; Paul Gasser, Casey club president and W. R. Hutchins, Engineers club president.
At the luncheon also were Capt. James R. Worthington, A. O. Harris and L. L. Pittman, of the official staffs of the camp, and George Hall, landscape architect.
Tuesday, July 22, 2008
(Click the thumbnail to view a gigormous version)
APPLICATION for a six-month extension of the original date for the closing of the two civilian conservation corps camps, now operating in Phoenix Mountain park, has been made to federal authorities by the city of Phoenix, S. McN. Johnston, city manager, announced yesterday.
Don R. Hull of the district United States park service offices at San Francisco, arrived here yesterday to confer with city officials on the proposed extension and other matters relative to the camps here.
There is a strong likelihood that the application will be granted, in view of the large investment which has been made in the two camps here and also in view of the fact that the extensive improvement program in the camp which the CCC workers are carrying out cannot possibly be completed in the limited time remaining, Mr. Johnston said.
The camps were originally scheduled to be discontinued March 31. If the extension is granted they would continue to operate on through September.
The camps employ 400 workers who are building roads, trails, clearing, beautifying picnic grounds, installing facilities such as ovens, tables, benches and rest houses for picnic parties, and on other projects.
Saturday, July 19, 2008
Click picture for a larger printable version
Lower quarter of Hieroglyphic Trail was rerouted to the east of the Heard Scout Pueblo and then renamed Geronimo, although most people still hike or bike down the old Hieroglyphic section to the west of the Heard Scout Pueblo.
Update: My in-laws recall going to Scorpion Gulch in the 60's and 70's when it was a bar.
Date of photograph unknown.
Friday, July 18, 2008
Water System Is Completed By Workers
The hope of a group of far-sighted Phoenix citizens, a project awaited through years of prosperity-the improvement of Phoenix mountain park, 14,000-acre municipally owned recreational preserve, strangely enough, is at last being realized as a direct result of the depression.
Four hundred young men and boys, recruited from the ranks of the unemployed for the two Civilian Conservation Corps camps established in the park last December, are busily at work on various projects which will add materially to the natural lure of the huge desert mountain preserve and will increase its usefulness to the public
Roads are being built which will open up beautiful hidden recesses, huge rock-walled canyons, picnic areas and other points of interest hitherto inaccessible to the public. More than 10 miles of new road construction is included on the list of projects given prior preference. Additional miles, including construction of a 25-mile circular drive encircling the entire park, may also be built if the workers remain here for a sufficient length of time.
Although operation of the camp here originally was to be discontinued soon, city officials are confident that this time will be extended provided funds to continue operation of CCC camps in the nation are appropriated by the present congress.
In any event, the projects which already are certain of completion are practically sufficient to justify the $60,000 in federal funds spent to establish the camps. It is estimated that their cost, together with that of the various improvements in the park, will total $180,000.
Included in the road projects now under way is construction of a first class 22-foot road nearly five miles in length which will ascend to the top of one of the highest peaks in the South mountain range—nearly 2,100 feet in elevation. Some remarkable scenery is visible from points along this road, particularly on the peak, from which the visitor may survey an estimated 12,000 square miles of surrounding country. This road will lead to a huge level plateau, covering nearly a square mile, where will be located a model camp or picnic area.
Construction of 15 miles of horseback or hiking trails, winding through the park is another part of the “3-C” program. These, as well as the new motor drives, will open up to visitors many interesting points and beautiful scenery, including pre-historic hieroglyphic rock writings, giant cactus forests, shaded canyons and arroyos and tall mountain summits.
Among the most important improvements already started is the bringing of a water supply into the park. A well already has been drilled on South Central avenue on land donated by H. Clay Parker, and a pipeline laid to the top of a peak near the north boundary of the park.
A 20,000-gallon storage reservoir is being blasted out of solid rock at the top of the peak and will be lined with concrete. From this reservoir, pipelines will be laid to several adjacent picnic grounds. Because of their elevation and distance, it will not be possible to pipe water to all the numerous picnic areas to be developed in the park.
Sites now being developed for picnic areas are located about one-fourth mile east of the CCC camps and are readily accessible to the public on existing roads which are being improved rapidly.
In developing the picnic areas, every effort is made to preserve the natural beauty of the park—its lichen covered boulders, over-hanging cliffs and existing trees and plants. The areas will be equipped with rest houses, cooking ovens, stone tables, chairs and other facilities. In addition to the “concentrated” picnic areas, suitable for larger gatherings, numerous trails lead off from them into the rock covered hills where may be found scores of specially developed one or two-family picnic grounds where smaller parties may enjoy the outdoors with a feeling of privacy, though there may be other neighbors only a few score feet away.
These sites are being developed by the young workers under the direction of expert landscape foremen. D. A. Mathews is foreman of camp SP-4, and George D. Hall of camp SP-3. Much individuality has been shown by the boys themselves in the development of the picnic areas. Every effort also is made to create individuality in each particular family group picnic site. Exposure, tree growth, rock formation and views are taken into consideration at the sites.
When completed, with a water system, ramadas, seats and additional planting to enhance the natural beauty of the site, these areas will be a distinctive development of great recreational value.
The 3-C camp forms a miniature village, comprising more than 20 separate structures, including dormitories, mess halls, headquarters offices, recreation halls and other facilities.
Camp SP-3 is commanded by James R. Worthington, assisted by Lieut. E. M. Ellis. Camp SP-4 is commanded by Capt. Waldo V. Joyce, assisted by Lieut. J. A. Van Hardeveld. Dr. James W. Casey is resident physician for both camps.
While “to accomplish something worthwhile” is a thought carried prominently in connection with the operation of the camps, the primary consideration of the officials is “the boys,” those in charge of the projects say.
Life in the camps is more or less like a well-conducted boys club. The boys work on a 40-hour per week basis, and after working hours enjoy recreation. There are just three requirements of all who compose the personnel of the camps. These are that they keep clean; work the required number of hours and obey orders.
That life in the camps agrees with the youngsters who have enrolled under the wing of ‘Uncle Sam’ is evidenced by the fact, as determined by camp officials, that the average gain in weight of each boy since the opening of the camp has been 12 pounds. There have been practically no desertions and officials say that there have been no instances of insubordination or actual refusal to obey orders since the camps opened.
While at work on field projects the youths are directed by representatives of the national parks department. The administrative and supervisory personnel for camp SP-3 includes A. O. Harris, camp superintendent, assisted by 10 subforemen.
That of camp SP-4 is headed by I. L. Pittman, with F. H. Toohey as general foreman and nine subforemen.
Plans for improvement of the park were prepared by Leslie J. Mahoney, city planning engineer. The camps were brought here largely through the efforts of S. McN. Johnston, city manager, with the co-operation of a group of influential citizens.
Phoenix mountain park was acquired by the city of Phoenix about eight years ago from the federal government. Among the leaders in the movement to set aside the area for recreational purposes was W. G. Hartranft, now chairman of the city planning and zoning board; the late Dwight B. Heard, Howard Aller and the late James C. Dobbins.
The late Stephen Mather, former head of the national park service also became interested in the project and largely was instrumental in having the area set aside for Phoenix while on a visit here at the home of Mr. Heard.
An attractive building of native stone will be constructed near the entrance to the park to serve as a museum, an information headquarters for visitors and as a park caretaker’s home. Other projects in the park will include erosion control works and reforestation of denuded areas.
Wednesday, July 16, 2008
Saturday, July 12, 2008
A new name now graces the 400-man Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Phoenix Mountain Park, according to word received yesterday from Eighth Corps Area headquarters, Fort Sam Houston, Tex.
The camp will be known as the Phoenix Metropolitan Park camp.
Two companies-Nos. 830 and 831--of 200 men each are camped within the park, carrying out trail-building and many other improvement projects.
A FORCE of nearly 200 from Colorado arrived in Phoenix yesterday to join the Phoenix Mountain Park Civlian Conservation Corps camp.
They are quartered in the park in a well-equipped camp which already has been constructed.
The group arriving here yesterday was the second CCC contingent to be established in the park.
The first company arrived more than two weeks ago and already has started preparations for carrying out an extensive program of improvement within the park, a 14,000 acre municipally-owned recreation area.
Arrival of yesterday's contingent brings the camp up to its full personnel.
A company of Civilian Conservation Corps camp workers left Colorado yesterday en route to Phoenix, where they will be established for the winter in Phoenix Mountain park.
Arrival of the Colorado group will bring the population of the camp up to about 400. One company of CCC workers has been established in the park two weeks.
The second contingent is expected to arrive here tomorrow or Monday, according to information received by S. McN. Johnston, city manager.
They will be quartered with the workers already here in the elaborate camp which has been constructed in the interior of the park.
The first company already has begun preliminary work on the extensive improvement program planned within South Mountain park, a 14,000 municipally-owned recreational preserve.
Park improvements to be made include construction of many miles of new scenic drives, trails and bridle paths, reforestation, establishing and improving of new picnic grounds, and other facilities.
Friday, July 11, 2008
Wednesday, July 9, 2008
SoMoHistory@cox.net View my profile for a clickable link.
I would love to hear any comments about info on this blog, positive or negative. I don't even mind if people send me a simple note pointing out spelling errors or typos.
I'd like to know if anyone appreciates the info posted here, and wants me to continue working on this project. It would be great to know that the effort was worthwhile.
If you have any information or tips about anything related to the history of South Mountain, please feel free to send them in.
Old Newspaper Articles (or just the date of the article!)
Any tidbit of information...personal memories, anything.
I will be posting some questions soon I would like to have answered...a few mysteries I haven't found answers for yet. Stay tuned.
South Mountain Richard
An additional contingent of 200 workers is scheduled to arrive at the Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Phoenix Mountain park Sunday, city officials said yesterday following a visit to the camp.
The first company of workers reached the camp from projects in Colorado last week.
The original group, which also numbers 200 men, already is at work carrying out the extensive improvement program which has been outlined for the park.
The complete camp, including dormitories, mess halls, recreation halls and other facilities, already has been finished and is housing the "CCC" men. Arrival of the second company Sunday will bring the camp up to its full strength.
Projects in the park already placed under way include the building of new roads, trails and bridle paths, reforestation of areas which have been denuded of their natural desert plants, shrubs and trees, establishing of picnic grounds and installation of facilities such as camp ovens, tables, benches and sun shelters for picnic parties and similar improvements.
Tuesday, July 8, 2008
South Mountain Camp Is Housing 194 New Arrivals
ONE HUNDRED NINETY-TWO Civilian Conservation Corps workers and their two commanding officers rolled into Phoenix yesterday afternoon and "took over" South Mountain park.
By early next week the CCC company will be engaged in an improvement and beautification program that will transform the mountain district into a huge picnic and recreation area.
Another CCC company will arrive in the near future and will join in the work in the South Mountain park area.
The contingent which poured into Phoenix yesterday came from Minturn Colo., and was in command of Capt. J. R. Worthington and First Lieut. C. H. Hutchinson.
The young men quickly transferred luggage and equipment from the train to trucks and rode jauntily toward the mountain park area that will be their home for the next several months. Last night they occupied barracks at their campsite, which already have been sufficiently completed by civilian labor to be placed in use.
The second contingent also probably will come from Colorado, it was said.
Improvement work at the park will include construction of 25 miles of trails and roads within the park, reforestation, development of the park's water supply, building of hiking trails and bridal paths and of a circular automobile road, about 30 miles in length, surrounding the park.
The CCC workers also will clear proposed picnic sites of rocks, sagebrush and cacti, and construct ovens, tables, benches and other facilities for use of picnickers.
Monday, July 7, 2008
Source and date unknown.
Scattered throughout the length and breadth of Arizona are thousands of “pages” from the history of a people who roamed the area now within the borders of this state in a dim and almost forgotten Yesterday.
But none can read them.
They are the ever-fascinating hieroglyphics or pictographs, found in varying numbers in every county.
In any given area they range in number from a scattered few to an almost limitless many. They vary from the crudest of symbols, many wholly beyond interpretation, to seemingly long and involved stories almost possible of translation because of the vivid realism of the characters portrayed
The widely-known sites of hieroglyphics are far too numerous to catalog, but there are several areas in which they are found in such great numbers that they are worthy of mention because of their accessibility.
In South Mountain park, Phoenix’ 14,000-acre municipal playground, south of the city, pictographs are found in unusually large number in Hieroglyphic canyon, an easily reached site.
These are of the relatively primitive type, but prove an endless fascination for the visitors who see them annually by the thousands.
On thousands of rocks in Petrified Forest national monument in the northeastern part of the state are elaborate hieroglyphics or petroglyphs, many of which are adjacent to or in juxtaposition with the ruins of the prehistoric people’s dwellings.
More than 100 miles north of the forests, in Canyon de Chelly, the pictographs become much more elaborate since they represent a period relatively recent in the state’s history.
Indeed, some of these must have been painted no more than a few centuries ago, since they unmistakably portray the invasion of the men on horseback, the Spanish Conquistadores.
Throughout all the pictographs in the state may be found recurring certain symbols which are in use today in the arts and crafts of the modern Indians.
Among these are the swastika, a figure composed of half a dozen concentric circles, the figure of the Gila monster—desert-dwelling reptile peculiar to Arizona—and others as readily distinguishable.
In some cases these are figures and nothing more, elaborately chiseled into everlasting stone merely at the whim of a prehistoric resident in whom stirred the first urge of artistry.
Others are quite patently designed to tell a story to others who might pass by the same place. Some seem to be maps. But all today remain without translation, simply because the “dark ages” of Arizona’s pre-history left a gap in the continuity of the people and no Rosetta stone has been found to link Yesterday with Today.
A marvel of scientists is the patience exercised by the forgotten people in inscribing their pictures. Without metal of any kind, they cut their figures deeply into rock which is so hard that carving it today with highly-tempered steel chisels represents a real problem.
The consensus of scientists is that Arizona’s pictographs probably will never be deciphered. But as they stand they offer material for endless hours of fascinating study and interesting observation.
Sunday, July 6, 2008
Phoenix has nearly 15,500 acres in parks.
Largest of these is Phoenix Mountain park, a vast tract of more than 14,000 acres of typical Arizona desert mountains, whose recesses hold many attractions of unfailing interest, particularly to persons to whom Arizona’s desert is new.
The park is located a few miles south of Phoenix. About the first of next month, a federal Civilian Conservation Corps camp will be established in Mountain park. The camp will employ about 400 men who will carry out an extensive improvement program in the park.
This will include construction of many miles of new scenic roads, hiking trails and bridle paths, reforestation, establishment of herbariums or museums of native desert plants, beautification of picnic grounds and installation of picnic facilities such as camp ovens, tables, benches and sun shelters. Mountain park is the largest municipally owned recreation area in the United States.
Phoenix also has three major public recreational area within its limits. These include University park, which serves the northwestern portion of the city. University park has an area of 10 acres and is equipped with a large swimming pool, a public bath house, tennis courts, a baseball field, children’s playground equipment and various recreational facilities for adults.
Eastlake park, also 10 acres in area, serves the southeast part of the city. It also has an excellent swimming pool, ball field and other recreational facilities.
Recently, the city acquired a 5-acre tract of land at Second and Grant street which is now being developed for park purposes. Improvements there include construction of a swimming pool which will be opened next summer, and other recreational facilities.
The park of the Four Waters, so called because within the 9 ½-acre area it embraces are still visible the traces of the ancient canal system built by the Salt River valley’s prehistoric inhabitants, lies a few miles east of the city adjoining Washington boulevard.
A feature of this area is the Pueblo Grande ruins, the dwelling of the prehistoric race that presumably built the valley’s first irrigation system. These are believed to be among the oldest and largest prehistoric ruins anywhere in the Southwest and are of exceptional archeological value. The ruins are now being excavated under the supervision of Odd S. Halseth, widely known archeologist.
Other parks in Phoenix’ system are:
Woodlawn park, three and one-half acres; South Central park, three acres; Federal park, one-half acre; Library park, three and one-half acres; Portland park, one and one-half acres; Moreland park, one and one-half acres; American Legion park, one and one-half acres; Harmon playfield, two acres; Townsend park, two acres.
For the first time last spring the city was given a supervised playground system through the efforts of Women’s clubs, Parent Teacher Associations and other local organizations interested in child and public welfare.
This season, the supervised playground program, directed by Miss Laura Herron, city playground supervisor, is being expanded. Numerous activities are conducted in practically all the parks and at many school playgrounds for children, under competent supervision.
The playground department also supervises many activities for adults at the city parks, including horse shoe tournaments, checker tournaments, shuffleboard and other games.
The city is installing additional equipment and facilities in the parks as fast as money can be obtained, which will further expand supervised playground activities.
Thursday, July 3, 2008
Setting aside of a tract of land in Phoenix Mountain park for the establishment of the proposed permanent Indian village where tourists and visitors could go and see native Arizona Indians in a typical setting, engaged in their works and crafts, was approved by the city commission yesterday.
The mountain park reservation plan was given the commission’s approval following receipt of a communication from the Central Arizona District Federation of Women’s clubs, which is sponsoring the Indian Village project.
The communication asked that a tract of land in the park be set aside so that plans for the development of the Indian village could go forward with conformity with other plans that are now being made for the improvement of the park.
W. G. Hartranft, chairman, of the city planning and zoning commission, long an advocate of park, playground and recreational development, also appeared before the commission in behalf of the Indian village project.
Sponsors of the plan expect to induce Indians to settle on the tract to be set aside in the park, build their homes and follow their crafts.
Other business before the commission yesterday included adoption of an ordinance authorizing payment to the Southwest Equipment Company of $3,200 for a recently purchased portable paving repair plant.
A petition for installation of an arc light at Third avenue and Virginia street was received and referred to the city electrician for investigation.
Charles Donofrio submitted an application for a permit to hold wrestling and boxing matches in Arcadia hall, Fourth avenue and Washington street. The request was referred to the city athletic commission.
Tuesday, July 1, 2008
S. McN. Johnston, city manager, will outline contemplated improvements in recreational areas surrounding Phoenix, in addressing members of the Phoenix Kiwanis Club at their weekly luncheon meeting in Hotel Adams Tuesday.
Mr. Johnston will particularly stress improvements to be made in South Mountain park by Civilian Conservation Corps workers, and also will tell of activities of the CCC workers in Papago park.
Carl Calkins will preside as program chairman, and Herb Hodgson will make a report on the district convention.
Bringing before the Kiwanians information concerning contemplated improvements in the recreational areas is in conformity with the recent admonition of Kiwanis International, and with a resolution passed at the recent district convention in Douglas, that Kiwanis clubs take a greater interest in public affairs.
Sunday, June 29, 2008
Although this was a very popular spot at South Mountain in the past, it's almost unknown to the general public now. On any given Saturday when there are hundreds of people on National trail you can visit this area and be alone for hours even though it's only 50 yards off National...it's just that well hidden. Surprisingly, even though it was an official attraction at one time with reinforced (CCC?) trails leading up to it, it's off the maps now.
Here's a section of the Official 1964 South Mountain Park brochure map showing Natural Bridge near the Natural Tunnel. Note that Mormon Loop trail is missing because it hadn't been created yet. Also Fat Man's Pass was called Wonder Rift on this map.
At that time it was one of only a handful of pictures in the Park's brochure:
Here's a picture from when my family visited it in 2006:
Too bad it's not on the maps any more, it's a really neat place to visit.
As requested here are directions to the Natural Bridge. Please do not approach from National Trail, that approach is closed for revegetation. The approach from Hidden Valley was part of the original official trail (look for small CCC work on part of trail near bridge) This approach does not have any signs showing the old trail as being closed.
To get onto the old trail, make a left just before running into "spaceship rock" (so named by my family since it resembles an approaching Star Destroyer from Star Wars) on the Hidden Valley trail just after exiting the tunnel. (This picture was taken facing south)
The old trail (facing north) is lined with many small rocks.
“AZR”, October 25, 1933
Establishment in South Mountain park of a Civil Conservation Corps camp was assured yesterday, city officials and interested Phoenicians announced, with the completion of drilling of a 250-foot well which will provide an abundance of water for all purposes.
Materials for construction of the camp already were being trucked to the park yesterday afternoon, and the site is expected to be in readiness for the first contingent, due here about December 1.
Drilling of the well means far more to Phoenix and the Salt River valley, however, than the assurance of the location in South Mountain park of a CCC camp, said H. Clay Parker, on whose property the well is located.
“About 1,000 acres of the finest citrus land in the valley is located in this district,” said Parker, “but is too high to take advantage of the gravity flow from the valley irrigation project.”
“By successfully finding water even though we were forced to drill to a depth of 250 feet, we have established that water can be pumped from wells to irrigate this citrus land.”
Though located on Parker’s property, the well and the site have been turned over to United States army officials for use of the CCC camp. After the CCC work has been completed, the well will be made available for residents or visitors in South Mountain park.
A caliche formation was found for the first 143 feet of drilling, according to W. S. Williams, 1250 North Twenty-First Street, in charge of the drilling. A water strata from 143 to 156 feet yielded seven gallons per minute in tests.
From 156 feet to 190 feet was a non bearing aggregate, but a strata from 190 to 198 feet yielded about 10 gallons per minute in tests.
Then the drill struck a hard granite shell, and almost a day was required to pierce a three-foot strata to reach a depth of 201 feet. From there to almost 255 feet, the drill cut through a pea-gravel water-bearing strata in which there was no drawn-down with 20 gallon per minute being taken from the well, according to Parker.
With pumps installed, the well is expected to produce 40 gallons per minute, Parker said. Those in charge of the drilling could not determine the depth of the last water-bearing strata, he added, but consider a 50-feet penetration adequate for any possible need.
The six-inch well, cased down to a depth of 256 feet is located one-eighth mile north of Dobbins monument on the east side of Central avenue. Water will be forced to a reservoir which will be constructed at once east of the Valley View Point platform.
From the reservoir water will be piped to the CCC camp, the gravity flow from the higher reservoir placing the water under pressure. The well is expected to make available water adequate for any domestic purpose that will arise for years to come.
Drilling of the well was started less than two weeks ago.
“AZR”, October 14, 1933
Civilian Conservation Corps workers assigned to the four winter camps in the Phoenix area will begin to arrive here October 18 when 166 men from a summer camp in Wyoming reach Phoenix, it was stated yesterday by S. L. Lewis, state game warden. The men will be placed in a camp in Papago park. About 40 Arizona men will be enlisted Mr. Lewis said, to bring the camp up to the required 200 men.
The other three camps in this area will be located in the South mountains. It is not known when the men for those camps will reach here.
The Wyoming contingent will be quartered in a camp half a mile south of the city water supply reservoir in Papago park. They will be used in carrying out a beautifying program in the park and at the bass fish hatchery in the east end of the area.
The work will include improvement of the roads to and around the fish hatchery, several improvements at the hatchery, including a garage, store room, barbecue pits and picnic sun shelters. The men also will carry on landscape work in the park.
Drilling of a well to furnish water for the Civilian Conservation Corps camps in Phoenix Mountain park has been placed under way near Dobbins’ monument on South Central Avenue. A pipeline will be laid and a pump installed to “lift” water to the camp which will be in the interior of the park. Because of the geological nature of the country, it is not believed possible to reach water within the park.
The well, which is being paid for by the federal government, will be a permanent improvement. It will provide a water supply for the park after the conservation camp workers complete extensive park improvement program which has been outlined.
The city engineering department is facilitating establishment of the camp by preparing plans and specifications for the “CCC” cantonment. These plans call for the construction of 10 separate buildings, including four barracks, two mess halls and two recreation rooms.
Original plans for the establishment of two separate camps in separate locations have been altered and all workers, of which there will be about 400, will be grouped into one large cantonment.
“CCC” camp workers will be transferred here from projects in Colorado and Wyoming about the last of this month.
Plans for the park improvement include reforestation of areas which have been denuded by vandals or woodhaulers of their interesting desert flora, construction of miles of additional roads, trails and bridle paths; clearing of picnic grounds and installation of improvements such as camp ovens, ramadas, camp tables and benches.
The entire program will be carried out without any expense to Phoenix taxpayers.
Monday, June 23, 2008
“AZR”, October 10, 1933
Bids on construction for cantonments for the four civilian conservation corps camps to be established in Phoenix and vicinity will be called in the next few days and the first of the camps will begin operation here by October 25, members of the city commission were advised yesterday by federal representatives.
The “CCC” camp in Papago park will be the first unit to be established here. This camp will be transferred here October 25 from Wyoming.
Two camps will be transferred into Phoenix Mountain park from points in Colorado by December 1, it also was announced. Another camp will be established at Ashdale on the Black Canyon highway at about the same time the Papago park unit is brought here.
Bids on construction of the cantonments, including quarters for men and other necessary facilities, will be called and received through 8th corps U. S. Army headquarters at Ft. Bliss.
Bids on the installation of a well in Phoenix Mountain park to furnish water for the two camps there already have been received and the contract will be awarded in the next few days.
These two units, as well as the Papago park and Ashdale camps each will employ 215 men, Lester D. DeMund, commission member announced yesterday after conferring with Don R. Hull, inspector from the federal district park service office at San Francisco who is here in connection with the “CCC” projects.
The commissioners also were informed that local young men will be eligible for enrollment in the working personnel of the camps as their quotas of men will not be entirely filled when they are sent here. A location at which enrollment may be made will be announced later.
“AZR”, October 3, 1933
Will Provide for 10,000
(Exclusive Republic Dispatch)
Washington, Oct. 3 – Federal funds exceeding $3,000,000 for maintenance of 30 Civilian Conservation Corps camps in Arizona during the next six months were made available today.
During the summer there have been 20 reforestation camps in Arizona, 18 in the national forests and two in Grand Canyon National park, Carl Hayden, United States senator from Arizona, said.
Four new camps will be established under the forest service and six under the national park service, an increase of 10 new camps for the state this winter.
Six thousand men will be encamped within the state from October 16 to April 25, 1934. As conservation workers stationed in winter quarters these men will staff 22 camps in national forests, two camps in the Grand Canyon National park and six additional camps set up by the national parks service in state and municipal parks.
Of the last six, one will be in Randolph park, near Tucson, three in the Phoenix district, and two in the mountains near Tucson. Two of the Phoenix camps will be in the South mountains and the other in the former Papago National monument.
One of the summer camps will be moved from its present location on the north rim of the Grand Canyon to the Colorado river. The other in Grand Canyon National park will remain on the south rim.
Two hundred men will be allotted to a camp. On the basis of their present wage scale the government $3,240,000 on their wages, subsistence and care. In addition, the government must make an outlay of approximately $120,000 to build or reconstruct living quarters in the new camps.
This will bring the planned expenditure in the 30 camps to $3,360,000.
Thursday, June 19, 2008
Two Civilian Camps Assured For
Definite assurance that
Pure Water Supplied
The decision to send the units to Phoenix for the winter “hung fire” all through last week over the question of a water supply for the conservation workers. The federal authorities insisited that a continuous pure water supply must be furnished and that their funds would not permit the installation of this necessity.
The city finally offered to pipe the water to the camp sites from its mains. It is estimated the water system will cost approximately $5,000.
To Develop Park
Four hundred men will be in the two camps for approximately six months, permitting the development of the great park along lines which otherwise would have taken many years to realize.
Wednesday, June 18, 2008
Click image for full size readable map.
Be sure to check out the Telegraph Pass Tunnel, the Park Circle Drive, Pima Road and the various trail names. The legend is important, it shows which roads and trails already exist vs. which ones are planned.
The proposed road on the top of the mountain currently doesn't go any farther east than Buena Vista which is approximately where Hieroglyphic (Geronimo) trail and Ames (Corona De Loma?) meet on this map. Also the road that goes over to where the TV towers are now does not exist on this map. It does show a completed trail, which could be a trail that was covered by the road, or may be part of National Trail.
The only trails on this map that currently have the same names as they do now are Kiwanis and Mormon (24th st). What is fascinating to me is all the trails that show as completed, but I'm not sure exactly which trails they would be now, or even if they still exist.
The National Trail Road? A Tunnel under Telegraph Pass?
The original plans for South Mountain Park included a loop road (think a longer paved Desert Classic) going all the way around the park, and a 500 foot long tunnel road going under Telegraph Pass. Also believe it or not, a road going all the way from Buena Vista area to Pima canyon! I'll be scanning that map and some more documents today and posting later.
South Mountain Area Names have changed over the years:
"Salt River Valley" was later changed to "Valley of the Sun" to make the valley more marketable.
"Fat Man's Pass" was previously called "Wonder Rift", "Fat Man's Misery", "Fat Man's Trap", and the fairly convoluted "Fat Man's Trap Pass"
"South Mountain Park" was originally called "Phoenix Mountain Park"
The "South Mountains" were originally called the "Salt River Mountains"
"Yaqui Town" is an older name for "Guadalupe"
"Hieroglyphic Trail" was rerouted some, and is now called "Geronimo"
I haven't seen any comments on the page (other than a few of mine), so I'm enabling anonymous comments. We'll see how this goes. It was off by default, but I know a lot of people don't want to bother registering just to leave a comment. If bot spamming becomes an issue I'll change it back.
Tuesday, June 17, 2008
“AZR”, March 9, 1930
With city and county officials included in the party which made the dedicatory trip, a hiking party over the newly-completed Hieroglyphics canyon trail in Phoenix Mountain park, sponsored by the Phoenix Chamber of Commerce, yesterday formally marked the opening of the trail to public use.
Gathering at the foot of the South mountains, the party left at 1:30 o’clock yesterday afternoon for the trip over the trail a distance of about two and one-half miles.
The path was constructed in the park by the city as a part of the development program planned for it. The park comprises more than 14,000 acres of land, including within its boundaries many interesting views, strange rock formations, and in some locations prehistoric Indian rock-writings.
The new trail leads directly through some of the most rugged and picturesque sections of the park, among which is Hieroglyphic canyon, where the prehistoric Indian writings are found.
Arrangements for the dedicatory hike over Hieroglyphic trail were in charge of the Phoenix Mountain park committee of the Phoenix Chamber of Commerce, which is headed by Fred Barrows, chairman and H. Clay Parker, vice-chairman.
The party halted briefly at the highest point on the trail, which has an elevation about 1,600 feet higher than the city of Phoenix, to enjoy the remarkable scenic view obtainable from this location.
It then continued down the mountain to Heard Scout pueblo, elaborate new week-end camp of the Roosevelt council, Boy Scouts of America, where “open house” was held under the direction of George F. Miller, council executive.
After inspecting the various units of the Boy Scout camp, the hiking party returned to the city.
The event was intended not only as a gesture of appreciation to the city for its part in developing the park, but also as a means of acquainting the public with its attractions as a center for recreational purposes, including hiking, horseback riding and picnicking.
Dr. F. J. Crider, director of the Boyce Thompson Southwestern arboretum at Superior, was a member of the hiking party. As the party traveled over the trail, Dr. Crider briefly commented on the interesting desert growths, shrubs, trees and cacti found there.
By Ted Dykes
Phoenix Union High School Journalism Class
Recreation seekers of Phoenix and the Salt River Valley who delight in spending a day out in the open, away from the noise and turmoil of the city, will find much to their enjoyment at Phoenix Mountain Park, located high up in the Salt River Mountains, south of Phoenix. After months of discussion and planning a recreation center within easy driving distance of Phoenix, Phoenix Mountain Park is at last a reality, and every indication points to the park becoming a mecca for thousands of picnickers this summer.
On March 30, 1924, Jim Dobbins spoke at a meeting of the Kiwanis club of the possibility and the necessity of reserving some land for picnickers. All the land to the north of Phoenix already had been held by private ownership and this left some 15,000 acres adjoining the Salt River mountains open for such use. The Kiwanians were somewhat taken aback when they found that this land also was about to be thrown open to private ownership. Therefore, in frantic haste, Jim Dobbins wired the United States Bureau of Public Lands at Washington, and had all previous claims withdrawn, and reserved all the available land adjoining the Salt River mountains.
After all previous claims are allowed, there will be approximately 14,000 acres open to the public. The total cost of this added attraction to the Salt River Valley’s natural grandeur will be approximately $18,000. It is understood that plans are being discussed to construct a golf course on some part of the reservation. Not withstanding the fact that much unnecessary labor will have been avoided in climbing the peaks to the east and west of Telegraph Pass by the Kiwanis Trail, it is believed by some persons, that in the future a paved roadway running east and west from the end of South Central avenue around the entire range will be constructed; also a similar road through Telegraph Pass which will be accessible by automobile.
If one attempts to leave the trail and diverge either east or west he will find that although he may reach the top of either peak, the hard work thus encountered will rob him of much of the enjoyment in viewing the valley when the peak is reached.
If, however, one follows the trail on up to Telegraph Pass he can then turn either east or west and quite easily reach the top and then turn back to higher peaks to the north which then will be easily scaled.
Through Dwight B. Heard, the Boy Scouts and Camp Fire Girls will have 45 acres each to call their own. The Bartlett-Heard company bought a quarter section of Hieroglyphic canyon and gave 70 acres in the center to the public, the remaining 90 acres being equally divided between the Boy Scouts and the Camp Fire Girls. When one has reached the summit of the highest peak, he may see as if in a picture, the entire valley in a glorious mass of green. Straight to the north is Central avenue which appears to split the green foliage.
Owing to the tall trees, an unrestricted view of the city of Phoenix is not obtainable.
At sundown, the beauty of the Kiwanis trail is further enhanced and as twilight deepens into night, a beautiful sight will greet the eyes. Gone is the beautiful green of the day-time, but in its stead glow myriad lights stretching from Marinette to Mesa. Lights that twinkle, lights which diffuse a brilliant beam and lights that shed subdued a radiance can be seen. One can easily imagine that it all a dream as one pauses to think that the spot before his eyes was once a dreary waste to be avoided as the plague, but which now attracts as a heavily laden apple tree entices a small boy; a spot over which human beings seldom traveled, but now a place populated by thousands. Even the remotest spots are visited daily by many persons who seek diversion away from the city. And what is the attraction for these recreation seekers?
When the city commissioners and Jim Dobbins found they could get the land, the question arose, “how and when will we make a trail?” Most any date would do, but the labor was a different matter. Common day laborers could build the trail, but that would take a long time and cost considerable money.
Then the Kiwanis club took up the job and the call went out to all red-blooded Kiwanians to assemble on April 14. The call was answered by more than 70 Kiwanians who laid aside their daily business and entered into the work with vim. There were many Kiwanians last Tuesday who looked as if they had not done a hard day’s manual labor in their lives. Be that as it may, suffice it to say that each and every member of the Kiwanis club who was out to work that day soon acquired the art of handling a pick or shovel. At the foot of the trail there is a place where it seems that all previous picnic parties had to stop. It was at this very spot that the Kiwanians, following their usual procedure of beginning where others leave off, started constructing a trail which was to bear their name.
At 2:30 o’clock this band of earnest workers had built a trail approximately one and a half miles in length which rose upward from 1500 feet to 5800 feet. These men clearly demonstrated that despite the softness of their muscles from lack of constant hard physical labor, they could equal if not surpass the efforts of the men who gain their daily bread by wielding a pick and shovel.
Verily , Caesar had his Brutus, Charles the first, his Cromwell, and now, Telegraph Pass has its Kiwanis Trail.
"AZR", February 6, 1948
Park Supporter Rites Arranged
C. M. Holbert, for whom funeral services are scheduled at 2 p. m. today at A. L. Moore and Sons chapel, was one of the original workers to preserve South Mountain Park as a historical monument and municipal park, his daughter, Mrs. John L. Deorle, Phoenix, said yesterday.
First custodian of the park, Holbert, 86 years old, retired in 1939, but spent most of his 23 years here in exploring and roaming the South Mountain area, which he "loved", she said.
Many of the stories and letters to the editor based on park subjects were printed in The Arizona Republic over a period of years.
Mr. Holbert, who died Saturday in his home, 35 West Southgate avenue, will be buried in Double Butte Cemetery, Tempe.
Monday, June 16, 2008
Click picture for larger version. This looks like where the road starts to curve around to the towers. National trail would be just above the road heading towards the rear of the picture and telegraph pass.
“AZR”, Phoenix, Tuesday Morning, April 15, 1925
Kiwanians Build 5,940 Feet Of Trail To Top Of Telegraph Pass In Phoenix Mountain Park
NEW PARK MADE ACCESSIBLE BY CIVIC WORKERS
Rome wasn’t built in a day-but there wasn’t any Kiwanis club in Caesar’s time and building was considerably slower.
Yesterday the members of the Phoenix Kiwanis club gave a practical demonstration of what cooperative action can do when scientifically applied. Three score and 10 members of the local club left Phoenix about 8:30 o’clock in the morning, motored to the base of the new Phoenix Mountain park, took off their coats and went to work. At 2 p. m. the Kiwanians had completed a trail to the top of the mountains right into “Telegraph Pass,” a distance of 5,940 feet.
Kiwanis Trail affords access to the summit of the new mountain park which has been isolated as a recreation spot for valley citizens due to the rough, treacherous climb through canyons and over rocks and cactus. Now the mile and 220 yards of trail can be climbed on foot or on horseback, the trail being sufficiently wide and solid enough for horse travel.
When the Kiwanians reached the base of the mountains they were given instructions by Jim Dobbins who was appointed superintendent by the club. City Manager Hitchcock and Henry Chambers were made “straw-bosses” and the Kiwanians were divided into three groups. Dobbins taking charge of one group while Chambers and Hitchcock took charge of one crew each. The trail was divided into two sections with Chambers’ gang taking the top section from 3,100 feet up. Dobbins’ crew started at the bottom and worked toward the top while Hitchcock’s gang worked from 3,100 feet down. At 12:20 Henry Chambers and his crew had completed the top section of the trail, while two sections of 200 feet and 400 feet each remained to be completed on the lower part.
The Hitchcock and Dobbins’ crew answered the dinner bell at 12 o’clock and on returning to the foot of the mountains they were treated to an elaborate spread prepared by Chefs Guy Alsap, “Harp” O’Malley, Joe Melczer, and Earl Brewster. Everything from olives to Budweiser was provided for the trail builders. After lunch the Kiwanians rested for three quarters of an hour and returning to the uncompleted sections of the trail finished the job at exactly 2 o’clock.
The trail reaches the topmost point of “Telegraph Pass,” which is the high point of the old trail used by the Pony Express in carrying mail from Maricopa to Fort Whipple in the pioneer days of Arizona.
Chambers’ crew on completing their work to “Telegraph Pass” turned northeast, and built a trail to the top of Kiwanis Peak where a beautiful view of the Gila River valley and the Salt River valley greets the eye.
Paul Beutke of the Union Auto Transportation company was chairman of the transportation committee and provided Union Auto busses to carry the laborers to their work. Henry Chambers provided the tool car for the picks, shovels, rakes and bars. Earl Brewster and a large Union Oil truck transported the “eats” and the chefs to the base of the mountain for the big spread.
Shortly after noon the A. L. Moore and Sons ambulance made a hurry call to the base station bringing all the physician members of the Kiwanis club. They also partook of the appetizing luncheon prepared by the luncheon committee and after enjoying the “feed” cleared a large parking space where persons desiring to climb the mountains can park their cars.
The presence of mind of Roy Murray saved many bruised fingers and many callouses-Roy reached the base of operations early and provided each workman with a pair of leather-faced canvas gloves. Some Kiwanians wore out their first pair of gloves, but others were available. Joe Melczer had ice-cold Budweiser for the boys and on their return from the trail-blazing he stood ready with chilled beverage for the thirsty.
Guy Alsap had a new one for the occasion. Individual bricks of ice cream in dainty paper cartons, each brick moulded with a “chicken” of lemon ice cream in the center. Cigars and cigarettes followed the lunch and 70 Kiwanians made merry despite the fact that they had labored in the hot sun swinging picks and shovels for nearly four hours.
The trail averages two feet in width and was cut through rocky country and in some instances boulders weighing nearly a ton were pried out of the way. A good firm foundation is given the trail by decomposed granite which the Kiwanians shoveled from the side of the mountain. Cactus and underbrush were cut away and rock walls built to make the trail as short as possible. The work was well done under the supervision of Jim Dobbins and his “straw bosses” and will be a lasting monument to the energy of the Phoenix Kiwanis club. Signs have already been ordered by the club and will be placed along the highway south of town, to guide those who wish to take advantage of the only accessible road to the top of Phoenix Mountain park.
Many Kiwanians will be suffering from sunburnt faces, calloused hands and aching muscles today, but they worked with a determination and feel that they have accomplished something. The enjoyment of working, a picnic lunch and a trail to one of the beauty spots of the valley repaid them for their work.
President Art Esgate of the Phoenix Kiwanis club, in direct charge of all activities, praised the club members for their willingness to get in and hustle and he himself swung a 12-pound sledge hammer and helped shovel dirt on Kiwanis Trail. No Kiwanian slacked in his work, each man swinging sledge and pick, shovel or what-not.
“AZR”, January 22, 1933
Phoenix Mountain Park Trips Reveal History Of Southwest
Attractions and varied places of interest to be found in Phoenix Mountain park are described in a letter received from C. M. Holbert, local outdoors enthusiast.
“There are so many inquiries from teachers and others that such a description will be appreciated and made good use of for the east half of the park is a perfect hiking field with plenty of interesting places to be found,” writes Mr. Holbert.
“A possible hike for a day could include assembly in Neighborhood canyon, ascent to the saddle between Two peaks, finding Wonder Rift, the natural bridge, Lone cottonwood, Pima spring where Indian metates ground in the granite and many prehistoric writings, Haunted cave, Padre Hill, which marks the spot where legend says a padre met death at the hands of Indians, the De Niza inscription rock, and Santa Cruz hill.
“All of these with the exception of Haunted cave could be included in a single day’s outing. Lunch and water should be taken and rubber-soled shoes worn. Finding Wonder Rift is the key to all the rest.
“To reach this point it is necessary to descend from the saddle between Two peaks southwest across the first gorge, and down over a low divide, into the second wash and you are near the rift. The wash soon narrows to about 19-inch width between water worn granite walls, which overlap above so that they shut out the sun. Less than a mile down the same wash is Natural bridge-a tunnel under a massive roof 50 feet long and high and wide enough to lead a saddle horse through.
“On down the wash are the Lone cottonwood tree and Pima springs. To find Padre hill, go north from Pima springs to the north summit overlooking the Salt River valley. Four stone crosses each seven feet long and pointing to the four directions are found on one of the nearby higher summits.
“De Niza rock bears the only inscription of the early Spaniards in these hills. It is dated 1539. The rock is southeast of Pima springs about three fourths of a mile. Autos can reach it by taking the desert road at the south side of Guadalupe and traveling west to the hills on the south side of a big wash.
“Santa Cruz hill is a spot sacred to the Indians of Guadalupe. Here is a shrine at which they place the cross which figures in their religious occasions. The airways beacon light is on Beacon hill northeast of De Niza rock and near Santa Cruz hill.
“A shorter hike can be planned starting from the same place and taking in Wonder Rift, Natural bridge and Haunted cave and autos can meet the hikers at or near the starting place. After leaving Natural bridge go north to the summit one canyon east of Two peaks. Haunted cave is almost halfway down. Many prehistoric pictures are found on the canyon walls as you descend. The cave is in the canyon’s west wall.
“Eventually saddle trails will traverse this entire section. At Wonder Rift a trail will lead Southwest to the summit overlooking the Gila desert and Pima Indian reservation, following that crest westward nearly two miles of Summit trail and the splendid road systems that are now open and being constantly extended from Heard Scout pueblo to Telegraph and Delta passes.”
"AZR", January 19, 1933
Steps to preserve a rock inscription at the east end of the South mountains believed to have been placed there by the Franciscan Father Marcos de Niza in 1539 and protect it from vandals were taken by the city commission yesterday following presentation to the city of a deed to a tract of 103 acres in which the rock is located.
The deed was delivered to the commission by W. G. Hartranft, chairman of the city planning and zoning commission.
The land is a gift of Madison Ballew, former Phoenix resident, who is donating it that the city may take steps to preserve the inscription for posterity. The rock on which it is chiseled will be surrounded by a fence to protect it from vandals.
"AZR", Phoenix, Sunday Morning, January 24, 1937
Three hikes into the Hidden Valley area of Phoenix Mountain park will be held today under auspices of the city parks department.
The starting point will be at the end of the graded road in Pima canyon, reached by driving to Yaqui Town, 12 miles southeast of Phoenix, thence a mile southwest and thence two miles west.
The first hike will start at 11 a. m., the second at 1 p. m. and the third at 3 p. m.
Leaving their automobiles in Pima canyon, those participating will be taken on a four-mile itinerary covering some of the most picturesque and interesting regions in the 14,000-acre park.
The unusual spectacle of snow beds lying on the higher parts of the South mountains and in the shaded canyons will add extra interest.
The hikes will be led by Frank Mitalsky, experienced guide and archeologist. Planned especially for the entertainment of winter visitors, they will be open to the public without charge.
This blog is an attempt to document my research on South Mountain Park's history. South Mountain Park (Phoenix, Arizona) was created in 1924. However, many details about the park's history are not documented anywhere on the web. There is a little info here and there, but if you try to search the web and try to find out when the National Trail was created, or when the road was built to the top of the mountain or when the TV/Radio towers were added it's just nowhere to be found. I'm trying to find as much information as I can to document the creation of the park and all the work done over the years that make it one of the most popular recreational areas in Phoenix.
This includes scanning old newspaper microfilm from the 1920's-1940's when most of the original work on the park was done. This includes the CCC years (Civilian Conservation Corps).
South Mountain Richard